Warp Core

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A ship’s warp drive it what makes interstellar travel possible and at the heart of the warp drive is the Matter/Antimatter Reactor (M/AR) more often referred to as the warp core. The warp core is responsible for generating the plasma used to power the warp nacelles and also acts as the primary source of power for the ship’s systems. There are four major assembles that make up the core and those are the matter injector, antimatter injector, magnetic constriction segments, and matter/antimatter reaction chamber.

Matter Injector

The matter injector is located at the top of the warp core and is a conical structural vessel constructed of dispersion strengthened woznuim carbmolybdenide. The injector is connected to the ships space frame by a series of shock attenuation cylinders to protect the core from damage die to sudden direction changes. These cylinders also provide a measure of thermal insulation. The matter injector contains a fuel conditioner, magnetic fusion preburner, gas combiner, and nozzle head.

Fuel Conditioner

Slush deuterium enters the inlet manifolds at controlled flow rates and passes to the conditioners, where heat is removed to bring the slush to just above the solid transition point. Micropellets are formed and fed into the fusion preburner.

Fusion preburner

The preburner is a magnetic pinch fusion device. The deuterium micropellets are subjected to powerful magnetic fields that squeeze the micropellets and under pressure from the magnetic fields the pellets are converted into ionized gas at a temperature of 106 Kelvin. The resulting ionized gas is passed down into the gas combiner.

Gas Combiner

The gas combiner acts as a holding point for the ionized gas and a supply manifold for the injector nozzles that make up the nozzle head. In the event that one of the injector nozzles fails the combiner will continue to supply the remaining nozzles.

Nozzle Head

The nozzle head is composed of six separate nozzles. Each nozzle is constructed of frumium-copper-yttrium 2343 and is able to be steered under computer control via electrohydraulic cylinders to ensure the proper alignment of the matter stream. Should one or more of the nozzles fail the remaining nozzles would dilate to accommodate the increased supply.

Antimatter Injector

Located at the opposite end of the warp core from the matter injector is the antimatter injector. Like the matter injector the shell of the antimatter injector is a Conical structural vessel of dispersion strengthened woznuim carbmolybdenide and is also mounted to the space frame via shock attenuation cylinders. The interior of the antimatter injector is vastly different due to the hazardous nature of antimatter. To prevent the antimatter from coming into contact with the normal matter that makes up the antimatter injector all components of the injector are protected by magnetic fields.

Fuel Conditioner

The antimatter is brought into the injector via magnetic suspension fuel tunnels that feed into the fuel conditioner were the antimatter is divided into manageable packets of antimatter before being passed on to the sublimator

Gas sublimator

Within the sublimator the antimatter is flash heated into antideuterium gas. This is accomplished by pulsed induction heating by way of passing energy pulses through the copper-lanthanide wire that makes up the inner surface of the sublimator. The antideuterium gas is then fed into the gas flow separator.

Gas Flow Separator

The separator acts as a holding vessel for the antideuterium gas before the gas is divided between the antimatter injector nozzles that make up the nozzle head of the antimatter injector. In the event of failure of a nozzle the separator will continue to provide fuel to the remaining operation nozzles.

Nozzle Head

In the nozzle head the antimatter injector is mostly similar to the nozzle head of the matter injector. The nozzle head is composed of six separate nozzles. Each nozzle is constructed of frumium-copper-yttrium 2343 and is able to be steered under computer control via electrohydraulic cylinders to ensure the proper alignment of the matter stream. Should one or more of the nozzles fail the remaining nozzles would dilate to accommodate the increased supply. The primary difference is that like the rest of the antimatter injector the nozzle head is protected from the antimatter by magnetic fields.

Magnetic Constriction Segments

The magnetic constriction segments make up the majority of the warp core with the upper and lower MCS assembles spanning multiple decks. Each of the upper and lower MCS is capped by the MCS cap that provides a connection point between the MCS and the matter and antimatter injectors. The caps along with main body of the MCS provide a pressure vessel to maintain the proper core operating environment and align the incoming matter and antimatter streams.

Vertical Tension Members

The vertical tension members are machined tritanium with cortenite reinforcing whiskers. The tension members provide structural support to the MCS and assist the pressure vessel toroid withstanding the operating pressure of the MCS.

Pressure Vessel Toroid

A pressure vessel toroid is constructed from alternating layers of vapor deposited carbonitic ferracite and transparent aluminum borosilicate. Each of the PVTs house one Magnetic Constriction Coils. Multiple PVTs are stacked to make the MCS. The PVTs are phase transition bonded together and to the tension members.

Magnetic Constriction Coils

The Magnetic Constriction Coils (MCC) are high density, forced matrix cobalt-lanthanide-boronite. Upon release of the matter and antimatter streams from their respective nozzles, the constrictor coils compress each stream in the Y axis and add between two hundred and three hundred m/sec velocity. The coils also provide steering of the matter and antimatter streams to ensure they are properly aligned to meet within the Matter/Antimatter Reaction Chamber.

Matter/Antimatter Reaction Chamber

The upper and lower sections of the Matter/Antimatter Reaction Chamber (M/ARC) is constructed of twelve layers of hafnium 6 excelion infused carbonitrium, phase transition welded under a pressure of 31,000 kilopascals. The three outer layers along with all interface joints to other pressure bearing and energy carrying parts of the system are armored with acrossentie arkenide for 10x over pressure protection. Between the two halves is the equatorial band that houses the Dilithium Crystal Articulation Frame (DCAF) and the armored access hatch that provides access to the DCAF. The two halves are connected to the equatorial band via structural pins of hafnium 8 molyferrenite that are reinforced in tension compression, and torsion.

Dilithium Crystal Operations

Dilithium crystals are the only material known to be nonreactive with antimatter when subjected to a high frequency electromagnetic field in the megawatt range. This renders the crystal “porous” to antimatter allowing the antimatter to pass through the crystal without actually touching the crystal.

While early warp cores used natural dilithium and many still do. The newer core designs utilize synthesized crystals. These crystals are produced through theta-matrix compositing techniques utilizing gamma radiation bombardment.

The dilithium crystal is held in place by the Dilithium Crystal Articulation Frame (DCAF). The DCAF provides EM isolation for the crystal and duel redundant sets of three axis crystal articulation linkages.

The matter and antimatter meet within the body of the crystal and annihilate creating the plasma used to power the warp drive and other ships systems. Due to the stresses placed upon the crystal matrix from the annihilation of the matter and antimatter streams stress fractures will form in the crystal over time. These stress fractures are to be monitored and the crystal is to be replaced if the fractures pose a threat to the structural stability of the crystal. The plasma created via the annihilation reaction passes through the crystal exiting the crystal in a tuned plasma stream.

Plasma Flow Separator

The tuned plasma passes from the dilithium crystal to the Plasma Flow Separator (PFS). The plasma stream enters the separator. The separator is composed of forced matrix cobalt-lanthanide-boronite and has an inlet and two out let tunnels. Upon entering the inlet tunnel the plasm stream is subjected into shaped EM fields that divide the plasma stream into two separate pulsed streams that are directed to the Power Transfer Conduits (PTC).

Warp Core Ejection System

Should the warp core become damaged to the point where a breach of the core is unavoidable the warp core can be ejected from the ship. While it is possible to manually eject the core the preferred method is to allow the ships computer to control the core ejection. The core can be ejected by itself the Warp Core Ejection System can be used in tandem with the ejection system for the antimatter pods. Once ejection of the core and or antimatter pods have been completed the ship is to be moved to a safe distance from the core by use of the Impulse Engine or RCS Thrusters.

In the event of core ejection explosive bolts will be triggered that will disconnect the core ejection hatch from the ships outer hull and two seconds later microfusion initiators will kick the hatch away from the ship. Simultaneously the explosive shear plane joints between the Power Transfer Conduits and the Reaction chamber will be triggered disconnecting the two prior to core ejection. Quick release latches will disconnect the shock attenuation cylinders from the matter and antimatter injectors. Once all connections have been severed microfusion initiators will push the core out and away from the ship.