Transport System Components

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The transporter system is composed of several components that must all work together to safely transport a subject from one point to another.

Transporter Diagram

Transporter Chamber:

This is the protected volume within which the actual materialize / dematerialize cycle occurs. This chamber is elevated above the floor to reduce the possibility of dangerous static discharge, which sometimes occurs during the transport process.

Operator’s Console:

Operator's Console circa 2245

This control station permits the Transporter Chief to monitor and control all transporter functions. It also permits manual override of autosequencer functions and other emergency abort options.

Transporter Controller:

This dedicated computer subprocessor is located to one side of the Transporter Chamber itself. It manages the operation of the transporter systems, including autosequencer control.

Primary Energizing Coils:

Located at the top of the transport chamber, these coils create the powerful Annular Confinement Beam (ACB), which creates a spatial matrix within which the materialize / dematerialize process occurs. A secondary field holds the transport subject within the ABC: this is a safety feature, as disruption of the ABC field during the early stages of dematerialization can result in a massive energy discharge.

Phase Transition Coils:

Located in the transport chamber platform. These wide-band quark manipulation field devices accomplish the actual materialize / dematerialize process by partially decoupling the binding energy between subatomic particles. All personnel transporters are designed to operate at quantum resolution (necessary for successful transport of lifeforms). Cargo transporters are generally optimized at the more energy-efficient molecular resolution, but can also be set at quantum resolution if necessary.

Molecular Imaging Scanners:

Each upper pad incorporates four redundant sets of molecular imaging scanners at ninety-degree intervals around the primary pad axis. Error checking routines permit any one scanner to be ignored if it disagrees with the other three. Failure of two or more scanners necessitates an automatic abort in the transport process. Each scanner is offset 3.5 arc seconds from the ACB axis permitting real-time derivation of analog quantum state data using a series of dedicated Heisenberg Compensators. Quantum state data are not used when transporters are operating in cargo (molecular resolution) mode.

Heisenberg Compensators:

The compensator was designed to work around the problem caused by the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle which states that both the position and momentum of target particles to the same degree of accuracy. This ensured that the matter stream remained coherent during transport, and that no data was lost. The compensators are located directly under the lower transporter pad.

Pattern Buffer:

Pattern buffer with Biofilter attached

This superconducting tokamak device delays transmission of the matter stream so that Doppler Compensators can correct for relative motion between the emitter array and the target location. A single pattern buffer is shared between each pair of transporter chambers. Operating rules require at least one additional patter buffer to be available in the system for possible emergency shunting. In emergency situations, the patter buffer is capable of holding the entire matter stream in suspension for periods approaching 420 seconds before degradation in pattern image occurs.


Normally used only in transport to the ship, this image processing device scans the incoming matter stream and looks for patterns corresponding to known dangerous bacteriological and viral forms. Upon detection of such patterns, the biofilter excises these particles from the incoming matter stream.

Emitter Pad Array:

Mounted on the exterior of the spacecraft, these assemblies transmit the components of the transporter ACB and matter stream to be or from the destination coordinates. The emitter pad includes a phase transition matrix and primary energizing coils. Also incorporated into these arrays are three redundant clusters of long-range virtual-focus molecular imaging scanners used during the beam-up process. Using phase inversion techniques, these emitters can also be used to transport subjects to and from coordinates within the habitable volume of the ship itself.

Targeting Scanners:

A set of fifteen partially redundant sensor clusters located in the lateral, upper, and lower sensor arrays, these devices determine transporter coordinates, including bearing, range, and relative velocity to remote transport destinations. The targeting scanners also provide environmental information on the target site. Transport coordinates can also be determined using navigational, tactical, and communications, scanners. For site-to-site intraship beaming, coordinates can be derived from interior sensors. Ship’s personnel can be located for transport using communicators.